The Dubai Land Department (DLD) has become the world’s first government entity to implement all of its transactions through blockchain technology. DLD has created the Blockchain system using a smart and secure database that records all real estate contracts, including lease registrations, and links them with the Dubai Electricity & Water Authority (DEWA), the telecommunications system, and various property related bills.
The blockchain-based secure, electronic real estate platform incorporates personal tenant databases, including Emirates Identity Cards and the validity of residency visas, and allows tenants to make payments electronically without the need to write cheques or print any papers. The entire process can be completed electronically within a few minutes at any time and from anywhere in the world, removing the need to visit any government entity.
The initiative has been developed by Emirates Real Estate Solutions (ERES), the technical arm of the Dubai Land Department, in collaboration with Smart Dubai and a number of other partners in the public and private sector, including DEWA; wasl Asset Management Group, one of the largest real estate developers in Dubai; Emirates NBD, the banking partner for the initiative; and furniture company, IKEA. All existing and future partners will be included in the system’s database to provide access to detailed information and ensure customer convenience.
Based on this initiative, DLD will be able to create a Blockchain database for all Dubai properties, which will be available to DLD’s customers, as well as all of its government and private sector partners. The technology will allow investors residing in Dubai and around the world to verify property data that is backed by timestamp signatures, enhancing the accuracy of data, the credibility of investment transactions, and the transparency and clarity of the market.
wasl Asset Management Group has opted to join this initiative to benefit from the ability to renew tenant lease contracts via Blockchain, as well as from the smooth, convenient and paperless service provided by the system. The tenants can access the system through a personal identification card to complete several processes, such as contract renewals and smart payments, through banking partner Emirates NBD.
DLD registers the contract data and provides customers with a specific number for ‘Ejari’ (Ejari which means My Rent is an online registration system for rentals) and DEWA so they can renew their electricity and water metres within one integrated system and without the need for any documents.
While the first phase of the initiative is limited to wasl Asset Management Group, DLD will open the door for other property development and management companies to include their properties in the system, allowing a wider number of customers to benefit from the Blockchain database. Blockchain’s services are currently available only to landlords and tenants, but the next stages will include developers and investors, with the potential to offer properties for sale.
The General Directorate of Residency and Foreigners Affairs in Dubai plays an important role in this system, as it is responsible for verifying residency data and the existence of all required documents.
The Department of Economic Development (DED) will join the database during the second phase.
Emirates Real Estate Solutions (ERES), the technical arm of the Dubai Land Department, is working on the development of Blockchain in collaboration with a number of external partners including Emirates Identity Authority, DEWA and Emirates NBD.
This takes forward the vision of His Highness Sheikh Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, for Dubai Government to be the first government in the world to execute all applicable transactions on the Blockchain by 2020. In December 2016, the Dubai government announced the Dubai Blockchain Strategy, establishing a roadmap for the introduction of Blockchain technology for Dubai and the creation of an open platform to share the technology with cities across the globe
His Excellency Sultan Butti bin Mejren, Director General of DLD, said, "Following the launch of the Dubai Blockchain Strategy by HH Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed in October 2016, which aims to make Dubai the first government in the world to apply all transactions through this network by 2020, DLD created a smart and secure database that records all real estate contracts. This makes DLD the first government entity in the world to implement all of its transactions through the Blockchain network. As the system simplifies people's lives by using an integrated system, we are working directly with Smart Dubai to provide our customers with utmost satisfaction and avoid wasting their valuable time. This is a major step toward cementing Dubai's position as the world's smartest city, expanding our online partnerships with all government entities and real estate parties that our customers need to complete their transactions."
He added, "This initiative is still in a stage of infancy. In the near future, we will see many partners joining Blockchain to improve their client services, including banking, mortgages, and utilities and maintenance operations…Our aim is to unite all real estate and department services on a single platform. We hope to complete our project in the year 2019-2020 and we are keen to attract parties from the private sector, particularly those that are already partners or currently work with Dubai governmental institutions."
Her Excellency Dr. Aisha bint Butti bin Bishr, Director General of Smart Dubai Office, said: "In Dubai, we make the future based on the inspirational words of our leadership, which epitomise the Emirati equation for building a better future for Dubai and the whole country. This underpins our launch of a blockchain system while the rest of the world is still testing this technology."
His Excellency Wesam Lootah, CEO of Smart Dubai Government (SDG), also congratulated DLD and said, "Dubai has committed itself to minimising the time needed to complete transactions, and DLD has furthered this mission by introducing its blockchain system. It has not been long since we launched the blockchain initiative in government transactions and formed the government team to work under the leadership of SDG in March. This would not have been possible without the cooperation of our partners in both governmental and private institutions in Dubai. We look forward to celebrating leadership guidance, whereby all government transactions will be paperless and the public will not need to resort to any entity by 2021."