Researchers at the Nanyang Technological University,
Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed
a device that can reduce noise pollution entering buildings even while windows
are wide open. The device is designed to be mounted onto window grilles and it
can reduce up to 50 per cent of noise coming from nearby environments
such as busy roads, train tracks or from construction activities.
According to NTU’s press release this noise cancellation
technology is an example of research innovations that NTU is encouraging under
its Smart Campus initiative, which aims to improve quality of life for society
through the development of new sustainable and technological solutions and by
trialling them on its campus first.
The technology allows windows to be left open for fresh air
without disturbance from external noise pollution, thereby reducing the
need for air-conditioning to keep the interiors of buildings and homes cool.
The device, which is currently at the prototype stage,
adapts ‘active noise control’ technology, found in many high-end headphones
that cancels external noise, to work in a large open area. Controlling the
noise in a large open area is much more challenging than doing it just around
Currently at the prototype stage, the device uses 8 watts of
power, similar to a small portable Bluetooth speaker. Several units are placed
together to form a grid-like array on a window grille to reduce external noise.
The device uses a special sound emitting mechanism which
works like a speaker and is connected up to a processing unit. It is equipped
with a microphone to detect noise even before it reaches the window. The
attributes of the incoming noise are computed in real-time.
The device then emits a countering sound or “anti-noise”
that has the same waveform characteristics of the invading noise but with the
difference that it is inverted or “flipped”. When both outside noise and
anti-noise converge, they cancel each other out, resulting in a softer ambient
sound entering living spaces.
The research team conducted tests using a soundproof chamber
at the university’s labs that houses a mock room with windows and doors,
resembling a typical room in a home. Various recorded sounds from construction
sites, jet engines and trains were used as noise sources during the tests.
The researchers are working to improving the noise
cancellation efficiency of the device and making it smaller, and more
cost-effective to produce.
Professor Gan Woon
Seng, Director for NTU’s Centre for Infocomm Technology (INFINITUS), who
led the research said, “We are currently finding ways to improve the technology
further so that it can be used not only at window grilles with large openings,
but also provide a cost-effective solution that can be easily installed and
replaced. Ultimately, we aim to integrate this technology into window grilles
that can help mitigate urban noise pollution conveniently.”
The researchers are also working with government agencies in
Singapore to further improve the technology to make it viable for commercial
and residential applications.
The project was jointly developed with the University of
Southampton in the United Kingdom, and Tottori University in Japan. It is
supported by Singapore’s Ministry of National Development and the National
Research Foundation in the Prime Minister’s Office, under the ‘Land and
Liveability National Innovation Challenge’ (L2 NIC) Research Programme. The
initiative seeks to leverage R&D to develop innovative technological
solutions to increase Singapore's land capacity for its long-term development
needs and provide tech-based options for future generations.