The Singapore Ministry of Manpower’s (MOM) Job Vacancies
report for 2017 reflects the continuing evolution of the nature of jobs
driven by technology and industry transformation.
Higher value-added PMET (Professionals, Managers,
Executives and Technicians) jobs accounted for 48.5% of job vacancies in September
2017, increasing from 47.9% in 2016 and 39.2% in 2013.
The share of vacancies for IT-related jobs continued to grow,
in areas such as software, web & multimedia developers (+140), systems
analysts (+40) and computer technicians (+110). Software, web & multimedia
development was the most in-demand PMET role, displacing teaching and training
professionals, which moved to the second position among PMET jobs.
Engineering-related vacancies also moved up. For instance,
the number of civil engineering vacancies increased by 150, while the vacancies
for mechanical engineers went up by 80.
These vacancies were in PMET-dominated sectors such as
public administration & education, financial services, professional
services and information & communications.
While non-PMET positions remained harder to fill than PMET
ones, 16% of PMET openings were unfilled for at least six months (49% of
non-PMET vacancies were unfilled for at least six months).
According to the report, academic qualifications were not
the main consideration for filling 42% of PMET vacancies. However, they usually
required working experience.
Around 45.2% of PMET jobs were found to be hard to fill by
locals, as compared to 41% during 2016. The reasons were skills shortages,
along with job-specific conditions such as unattractive pay and unconducive
working conditions offered by employers.
The MOM found that while employers faced less difficulty in
filling common PMET vacancies, the situation was different for the well-paying
software, web & multimedia developer jobs, where employers generally found
the job applicants lacking in necessary work experience.
Skill development for students as well as mid-career
individuals enabling them to take up the PMET jobs being created with
technological transformation has been a core area of focus for the Singapore
SkillsFuture Singapore (SSG), under the Ministry of
Education and Workforce Singapore (WSG), under the Ministry of Manpower, have
introduced a wide range of programmes
to help bridge the skills gap. These include initiatives to help individual jobseekers
pick up the relevant skills, as well as to support employers in training and
upskilling their employees.
Skills frameworks have been developed as part of the
Government’s Industry Transformation Maps (ITMs), to support students and
professionals in achieving better understanding of the range of career
pathways, skills requirements and available training programmes, within the
sector and sub-sectors. For instance, under the recently
released Environmental Services ITM, the Skills
Framework for Environmental Services was developed by SSG, WSG and
National Environment Agency (NEA), employers, industry associations, unions,
and education and training institutions, in support of the Jobs and Skills
pillar in the ITM.