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Singapore announces initiatives on AI governance and ethics

Singapore announces initiatives on AI governance and ethics

On 5 June, at the Innovfest Unbound, Minister for
Communication and Information Mr S. Iswaran delivered
his opening speech, announcing new initiatives on artificial intelligence (AI)
governance and ethics.

In
his opening speech, Minister said that as Singapore develops its digital
economy, it is important to establish a trusted ecosystem where industries can
benefit from innovations in technology while consumer confidence and understanding
can be assured. As new business models and innovations rapidly develop in the
emergent AI space, it is timely to proactively discuss and address ethical
issues that may arise from the use of AI and data. Ethical issues surrounding
AI include fairness, transparency and the ability to explain an AI’s decision

To
drive awareness of the benefits and understand the challenges of AI,
Singapore’s Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) is engaging key
stakeholders including government, industry, consumers and academia to
collaboratively shape the Government’s plans for the AI ecosystem.

“Such discourse will inform the Government’s ongoing plans
to support Singapore as a hub for AI development and innovation, and help
Singapore to effectively respond to global developments,” said Minister.

According to the Minister, IMDA will engage relevant
stakeholders through three new structured, interlinked initiatives. These
initiatives complement IMDA’s current suite of business and talent programmes
to develop a vibrant AI ecosystem and position Singapore as a leading hub for
AI.

The three new initiatives are:

(1)   
An
Advisory Council on the Ethical Use of AI and Data

An
Advisory Council on the Ethical Use of AI and Data will be appointed by the
Minister for Communications and Information to advise and work with IMDA in the
areas of responsible development and deployment of AI.

The
Advisory Council will assist the Government to develop ethics standards and
reference governance frameworks and publish advisory guidelines, practical
guidance, and/or codes of practice for the voluntary adoption by the industry.

The
Advisory Council will include private sector thought leaders in AI and Big Data
from local and international companies as well as representatives for consumer
interest. Former Attorney-General V.K. Rajah SC has been appointed the Advisory
Council’s inaugural Chairman.

The
Advisory Council will assist IMDA in three ways:

First,
to engage with relevant stakeholders such as ethics boards of commercial
enterprises on ethical and related issues arising from private sector use of AI
and data, and consumer advocates on consumer expectations and acceptance of
such use.

Second,
to engage the private capital community to increase awareness of the need to
incorporate ethics considerations in their investment decisions into businesses
which develop or adopt AI.

Third,
to stablish a Legal and Technical Expert Panel to support the Advisory Council,
as well as a Panel of International Experts for global perspectives.

The full
list of Advisory Council members will be made available at a later date.

(2)   
A
discussion paper released by Personal Data Protection Commission (PDPC) on
responsible development and adoption of AI

The PDPC is putting forward a discussion paper on how a possible
reference AI and Data governance framework for industries could look like, as
well as what elements could be included. The discussion paper will be used to
support the Advisory Council to frame its deliberations.

The discussion paper will create a baseline for discussion
across stakeholders, encouraging common definitions and common frames for
dialogue, and is intended as a living document.

The discussion paper recommends two key principles:

First, decisions made by or with the assistance of AI should
be explainable, transparent and fair to consumers.

Second, AI systems, robots and decisions should be
human-centric.

The discussion paper’s four-stage reference governance
framework illustrates how these principles can be put into practice by different
stakeholders, such as identifying the objectives of an AI governance framework;
selecting appropriate organisational governance measures; putting in place
consumer relationship management processes; and building a decision-making and
risk assessment framework.

The discussion paper was compiled in consultation with key
government and industry stakeholders, to support collaborative discussions on
the responsible development and adoption of AI. One of the early and
collaborators of the discussion paper is the Monetary Authority of Singapore
(MAS). Its Fairness, Ethics, Accountability and Transparency (FEAT) Committee
will use the discussion paper to help shape its ongoing discussion on the use
of AI and data analytics in the financial industry.

The discussion paper is available
online
at PDPC’s website.

(3)   
A research
programme on the governance of AI and data use

The Minister also announced the launch of a research
programme on the governance of AI and data use. The five-year Research
Programme on the Governance of AI and Data Use will be set up at the Singapore
Management University (SMU) to conduct scholarly research on policy, legal,
regulatory, governance, ethics and other issues relating to AI and data use.

The Research Programme aims to conduct research on selected
topics in AI and data use, organise engagement forums to engage stakeholders to
generate and share knowledge and bring clarity to policy and regulatory issues
and their impact, and publish and present research papers to showcase
Singapore’s thought leadership in the international AI and data research
communities.

The programme will support the Advisory Council and inform the
Government and industry discussion on AI challenges through its research and
conferences. In addition, the Research Programme enables Singapore to continue
to drive thought leadership and discourse with exemplary case studies, develop
a body of AI knowledge, and be a knowledge exchange centre with international
experts.

The call for proposal to set up the Research Programme was
conducted jointly by IMDA and the National Research Foundation.

As part of the Digital
Economy Framework for Action
, IMDA will support Singapore’s AI
development strategy by:

(1)   
Help drive industry adoption and understanding
of the benefits from implementing,

(2)   
Build a vibrant core of AI developers and
companies to foster an ecosystem of users and suppliers as well as build an
AI-ready pool of talented researchers and engineers,

(3)   
Address specific AI leadership areas to grow
industry capabilities and develop R&D capabilities, and

(4)   
Continue to provide clarity and review relevant
regulations for a conducive AI business environment.

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